Quantum Mechanics and the String Theory help Unify Scientific ConjecturesAs more contributors to the International Press publications (such as the Mathematical Research Letters) work on pressing problems in science, better understanding is developed about other issues at the same time. Seeking answers to what could be termed “micro-problems” is also enabling researchers to gain knowledge about conditions that apply in the macro sense (very macro, to the universe as a whole). In the past century, it is the separate study of the two that have enabled physicists to realize that understanding of the tiny is crucial for understanding the massive.
On the one hand (the smaller hand, if you will), there lies quantum mechanics, which is the study of atomic structures and the yet unknown influences upon their movement, and their tendencies to bond with other structures. On the grander scale is the study of relativity. Of course this is an overly-simplistic view of physics, but one which will help the non-mathematician understand how the microscopic and telescopic approaches to science help researchers understand the functioning of matter in the middle of the scale (how our earth functions, for example).
In order to better work with the two concepts of study, many scientists now approach the study of matter with the concept of the String Theory. The String Theory is basically a brand new take on particle physics, a new idea that completely reworks the standard model of how an atom functions (and the different sub-atomic particles that make up the atom). Instead of atoms being fixed points (and their components), the string theory proposes that all of these structures are actually in the form of what we would think of as a string. Because strings are flexible, and their positions and shapes can be influenced by outside forces, it is surmised that it is merely different shapes of these sub-atomic strings that make up the smallest of particles in our known universe. As these strings are acted upon, their shapes change, and consequently the sub atomic structures change, then the atomic structure, the molecule, and of course what all of these structures comprise altogether.
If matter really does permeate the universe, and there truly is no “empty space”, then it can be said that how these infinitesimal strings behave truly affects the grander scale of the entire universe. For example, if the Higgs-Boson theory is applied, (and this is assuming that the Higgs-Boson particle is not a string itself, but just being viewed as an influencing force in this case) and the Higgs-Boson field fills the space between atomic structures in our universe, it could potentially influence the tiniest of “strings” to behave in certain ways, perhaps even changing into a different sub-atomic particle than they were before.